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Intellectual Property Overview
There are many types of Intellectual Property, the most common being Patents, Trade-marks, Industrial Designs, and Copyrights.
What is Intellectual Property?

Intellectual Property describes a broad class of legal rights granted by governments in recognition of intellectual activity in the fields of science, industry or the arts. It is meant to provide incentives for innovation and protection to inventors, designers, artists, writers, or other owners of intellectual property in return for their efforts and investments.

Patents are granted by governments in exchange for an inventor’s disclosing his/her invention to the public. A patent gives the owner the exclusive right for a period of time to make, construct, use or sell the patented invention.

Read more about Patents

A trade-mark is a word, symbol, design or some combination of these used to distinguish the goods or services of one person, company or organization from others.

Read more about Trade-marks

Industrial Designs
A finished article manufactured by hand, tool or machine may be registered and protected as an industrial design. According to the Industrial Design Act, an industrial design protects the “features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament and any combination of those features that, in a finished article, appeal to and are judged solely by the eye.” Examples of industrial designs would include the shape of a table, the handle of a spoon and the shape of a pop bottle.

Read more about Industrial Designs
Materials that can be copyrighted include literary and artistic works. Drawings, photographs and other works showing artistic craftsmanship may be protected by copyright. All these works must be original.

Read more about Copyrights

Ledgley Law has given presentations to various groups and organizations on various Intellectual Property topics. Some of our presentations can be found here.

Contact Details
Company: Ledgley Law
Street: 724 Annette Street
City/Province: Toronto, Ontario
Postal Code: M6S2E2
Phone: 416-703-4004
Fax: 416-703-0331
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